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Angina pectoris is a clinical syndrome characterized by episodes or feelings of distress in the chest due to the lack of coronary blood flow, causing the oxygen supply to the heart is inadequate or in other words, the supply of oxygen demand of the heart increases.

  • Arteriosclerosis
  • Coronary artery spasm
  • Severe anemia
  • Arthritis
  • Aortic insufficiency
Factors that may cause attack include:
  • Emotions or the emotions caused by a stressful situation, resulting in increased heart rate, due to the release of adrenaline and increased blood pressure, thereby also increasing the heart's workload.
  • Working too hard can lead to physical attacks by increasing cardiac oxygen demand
  • Eating a heavy meal will increase blood flow to the area mesentrik for digestion, thus decreasing the availability of the supply of blood to the heart. (the heart that has been very severe, blood shortcuts for digestion makes the pain worse angina).
  • Exposure to cold can cause vasoconstriction and increase in blood pressure, accompanied by an increase in oxygen demand.

5 Nursing Diagnosis for Angina Pectoris

1. Acute pain
related to myocardial ischemia

2. Decreased cardiac output
related to changes (transient myocardial ischemia / elongated)

3. Activity intolerance
related to myocardial ischemia, decreased cardiac output.

4. Anxiety
related to pathophysiological responses and threats to health status.

5. Knowledge deficit: (need to learn) about the Events, the need for treatment
related to lack of information.