Gastritis refers to infection, mild irritation and the inflammation of the stomach lining. Our stomach lining secretes certain enzymes, acids that aid digestion.
Acute gastritis is caused due to sudden and severe inflammation of the stomach lining. If gastritis continues for a prolonged period, it becomes chronic in nature. Erosive gastritis is a type that results in loss of stomach lining due to erosion or wearing out. Erosive gastritis may be acute or chronic, and may result in severe ulcer formation. Erosive gastritis caused due to some surgery, illness or injury is also known as stress gastritis.
There are many causes that lead to gastritis. Alcohol, pernicious anemia, bacterial and viral infections, high consumption of spicy foods, and peptic ulcer disease are the main factors that cause gastritis.
Symptoms of Gastritis : Upper abdominal pain or dyspepsia, Nausea, Vomiting, Belching, Acid reflux, Bloating, Indigestion, Loss of appetite, Bad breath, Feeling of fullness in upper abdomen, Concentrated burning sensation in upper abdomen, Passing of blood in stool, Blood vomiting, Passing black, tarry stool.
5 Nursing Diagnosis for Gastritis
1. Risk for Deficient Fluid Volume related to inadequate intake, vomiting.
2. Imbalanced Nutrition: Less Than Body Requirements related to inadequate intake, anorexia.
3. Acute Pain related to inflammation of gastric mucosa.
4. Activity intolerance related to physical weakness.
5. Knowledge Deficit: about diseases related to lack of information.Source : http://nursingdiagnosisinterventions.com/5-nursing-diagnosis-for-gastritis