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Latex Allergy Response

Definition: A hypersensitive reaction to natural latex rubber products


Related Factors :
Hypersensitivity to natural latex rubber protein


Defining Characteristics

Subjective
Life-threatening reactions occurring <1 hour after exposure to latex proteins: Tightness in chest; [feeling breathless] Gastrointestinal characteristics: Abdominal pain; nausea Orofacial characteristics: Itching of the eyes; nasal/facial/oral itching; nasal congestion Generalized characteristics: Generalized discomfort; increasing complaints of total body warmth Type IV reactions occurring >1 hour after exposure to latex protein:
Discomfort reaction to additives such as thiurams and carbamates

Objective
Life-threatening reactions occurring <1 hour after exposure to latex proteins: Contact urticaria progressing to generalized symptoms Edema of the lips/tongue/uvula/throat Dyspnea; wheezing; bronchospasm; respiratory arrest Hypotension; syncope; cardiac arrest Orofacial characteristics: Edema of sclera/eyelids; erythema/tearing of the eyes; nasal facial/erythema; rhinorrhea Generalized characteristics: Flushing; generalized edema; restlessness Type IV reactions occurring >1 hour after exposure to latex protein:
Eczema; irritation; redness

Sample Clinical Applications:Multiple allergies, neural tube defects (e.g., spina bifida,
myelomeningoceles), multiple surgeries at early age, chronic urological conditions (e.g.,
neurogenic bladder, exstrophy of bladder), spinal cord trauma

Client Will (Include Specific Time Frame)
  • Be free of signs of hypersensitive response.
  • Verbalize understanding of individual risks/responsibilities in avoiding exposure.
  • Identify signs/symptoms requiring prompt intervention.
 
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